Trabuco, A Demon Weapon?

The Trabuco was a siege weapon used in the Middle Ages. Its purpose was to fire projectiles that would crush masonry walls or fire over them. It was said to have been invented in China in or around the 9th century. While similar to the catapult, it was less complicated therefore easy, and faster to build. It appeared where penetration of fortifications was necessary.

When attacking a fortification, this weapon could throw large projectiles at high speeds for a distance of 800 meters. It would accomplish its intended tasks.

There were two versions of this weapon; the traction Trabuco and the counterweight Trabuco. The traction Trabuco was operated by men pulling ropes to launch the projectiles. A drawback to this operation was the number of men necessary to operate this machine. The counterweight Trabuco followed in or around the 12th century. It was more complicated, but easier to operate in that instead of needing manpower it used counterweights to function.


Trabuco both served the same purpose and that was destruction of fortifications and the forces behind them. This device was known to be referred to as the “demon weapon”. It has been said on some fronts that some usage of this weapon would be equal to biological warfare as we know it today.. If true this horrendous practice would have certainly earned this weapon the title of “demon weapon”!

The last military usage of the Trabuco was recorded in 1521 according to Hernan Cortes in his attack against Tenochtitlan employed this weapon. The Trabuco was put on a shelf when gunpowder was invented and became a weapon of choice.

Today Trabucos are used as a form of fun. They are sometimes used in pumpkin throwing competitions. More importantly a function they perform today is in the teaching of basic mechanics. So it would seem that the “demon weapon” has come full circle and has become a tool to teach a very important lesson.


Whitney Wolfe Herd Ensuring Bumble Dating App Continues to Grow Uninterrupted

The world of dating has become more prominent and better now as there are hundreds of applications and dating sites out there that help people in dating. Different dating sites have various features and procedures of making that happen, but ultimately it’s all about how the dating site processes the data it has been provided and how it matches with the counterpart. Whitney Wolfe Herd has become a familiar name in the dating world, first as the co-founder of Tinder, and now as the CEO and founder of Bumble, a feministic dating app with nearly 30 million members and counting. The Bumble dating app was founded in the year 2014, and Whitney Wolfe Herd poured all her experience and expertise into its development, which is why it is nothing close to being similar to other dating apps in the market.

Whitney Wolfe Herd has had experiences with the dating apps herself in the past, and they weren’t as good as she would have liked it to be. In fact, Whitney Wolfe Herd said that dating for women through the dating apps and site is a challenge as they have to scroll through many men who shouldn’t be in their feed even. The algorithm of matching partners is not something that has been perfected till yet, but Bumble has come somewhat close to helping women find a partner of their choice. First of all, the Bumble allows only women to contact the men first, and men cannot send the lusty abusive messages that are found commonly in many another dating app.

In the Bumble dating app, there is also a high level of moderation going on at any given point, which means that sending abusive text or images that violate the terms and conditions of the dating app can be penalized. It keeps the users under control and ensures that there is a disciplined maintained, which adds to the elegance of the whole dating phenomenon.Whitney Wolfe Herd has changed the dating game entirely with Bumble, and she continues to make new changes to the app to ensure that it remains to woo more users. As per the surveys, Bumble is gaining a lot more members on a daily basis than other dating apps in the market. Whitney Wolfe Herd is confident that the growth of Bumble would continue uninterrupted, which is also one of the reasons why she turned down’s acquisition offer of nearly $450 million recently.

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How Sujit Choudhry Views The Ukranian Constitution

Sujit Choudhry is an internationally-recognized constitutional scholar. He was recently invited to attend a workshop in Ukraine in order to discuss that nation’s constitution and how it could be improved. Ukraine has a semi-presidential model for its system of government and it has not been working very well for over 20 years.

After this workshop ended, Sujit Choudhry said that he has been honored to talk with some of the worlds to constitutional experts as well as other professionals. He said that Ukraine has a number of problems tied to its constitution. He says that the president of Ukraine has way too much power in regards to the legislative and judicial branches. He also said that Ukraine’s electoral system to fill legislative seats was poorly designed. He also said that weak political parties didn’t help the situation either.  Click on for an additional article.

Over the past 20 years, Sujit Choudhry has attended events like this in a number of countries.  More to read on  He has also lectured in more than 25 nations and has helped policymakers on constitutional questions in many nations such as Libya, South Africa, Egypt, and Nepal. He says that many countries around the world are in a transitional democracy which means that there are many questions being raised about how to make a good, effective constitution.

For four years he has taught at the University of California Law School in Berkeley. He has also taught the constitution to law students at the New York University School of Law as well as in Canada at the University of Toronto. Additionally, he founded the Center for Constitutional Transitions six years ago and is its director. His center created evidence-based reports on constitutions that are then used by government policymakers when they are drafting a constitution or making proposals to modify an existing one.

Choudhry is also an author who has published a number of books on constitutions. His latest one is called Constitution Making”. It includes matters of constitutional law such as case studies and related articles. Other books he has written are The Migration of Constitutional Ideas and Constitutional Design for Divided Societies: Integration or Accomodation?  Connect with him and read his tweets, hit

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Getting the Chance to Use Talkspace

If you have always wanted to see a therapist but were not sure of how you were going to fit it into your busy life or budget, there is a better option nowadays known as Talkspace. Talkspace has totally revolutionized the world of therapy since it gives you access to a therapist when using your mobile device. It is an app that you download to your phone or tablet, and then you will create an account in order for you to be matched with a wonderful licensed therapist who will be able to help you with any type of problem you are dealing with at the moment.

The fact that Talkspace is able to save you money is just one of the many perks that it has available to the public. Just about anyone is able to download and use this specific type of app, whether you are dealing with a true mental health disorder or you are simply someone who needs someone to talk to after a long and difficult day. Typical therapists will often charge several hundred dollars for each session that you go to, and this can be a lot of money if you do not have insurance or have a high deductible. With Talkspace, you’re only paying a couple of dollars a day to have 24/7 access to licensed professionals.

Now is the time for you to give Talkspace a try for yourself, as it allows you to quickly and effortlessly get access to a wonderful professional who is there for you no matter what you need each and every day. There are tons of different people who are currently using this app and are finding it to be a wonderful option in their everyday lives, so it is something that you might want to consider for yourself if you are looking for quality therapy from home.

Dick DeVos, the Philanthropic Family Rebel

Before venturing into philanthropy, Dick DeVos worked at Amway Corporation. He was just about to be named CEO when he began opposing a project that the family-owned business was about to undertake. The company intended to build a multi-purpose sport and conventional arena in downtown Grand Rapids.

However, DeVos did not like the idea of constructing a sports facility outside the central business district since it would not have a significant effect on improving the city’s beauty. He was worried that Grand Rapids would look like Detroit in 1970 when the Lions and Pistons exited the town.

To further his campaign against building the sports arena, DeVos established Grand Action to lobby support from other businesspeople who owned sports facilities and other conventional centers. According to DeVos, institutions such as the Grand Rapids City Market, the Michigan State University medical school, the DeVos Place Conventional Center, the DeVos Performance Hall, and the Van Andel Arena had significantly transformed Grand Rapids’ skyline into one of the fastest sprawling cities.

Getting Into Philanthropy

DeVos and his wife Betsy are famously known for advocating change in institutions and policies. The two are respected Republican Party donors and enjoy a significant political influence which has enabled them to push for changes in laws around labor and education. For instance, while DeVos was the driving force behind the 2012 law amendments that transformed Michigan into a right-to-work state, Betsy had a hand in the growth of charter schools.

Beyond politics, DeVos also runs the DeVos & Betsy Family Foundation, a non-profit organization. Between 1989 and 2015, the foundation donated over $138.7 million in support of health reforms, leadership seminars and workshops, arts and culture, church initiatives, education reform policies, private school scholarships, and humanitarian services.

In 2006, the DeVos & Betsy Foundation donated $12 million in support of the construction of a children’s hospital in their hometown and named it after DeVos mother, Helen DeVos. In education, DeVos established the Great Lakes Education Project, an organization that advocates for school choices.

DeVos helped Gerald R. Ford International Airport to achieve non-stop flight status by convincing AirTran management to make flights through their hometown’s airport. To further support the airport’s growth, he launched a non-profit aviation school with a capacity of 80 trainees. The school has since expanded to construct its own facility with a capacity of 600 trainees picked across seven counties. Just like other Michigan charter schools, the trainees are not required to pay any tuition fee and are even given a $7,500 annual stipend making admission very competitive.

DeVos’ experience at Gerald R. Ford Airport landed him a job in the Management National Council of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). He was among the seven new board members appointed by the U.S. Department of Transportation Secretary Elaine L. Chao. The board is composed of 13 members whose mandate is to advise FAA on matters around financial planning and spending, regulations, and policy making. Learn more: